6 Februari 2018 Hari ke-18 Tahun Kedua - Sejarah

6 Februari 2018 Hari ke-18 Tahun Kedua - Sejarah

11:00 PAGI PRESIDEN menerima taklimat kepintarannya

Pejabat Oval

1:45 PM PRESIDEN menganjurkan meja bulat penguatkuasaan undang-undang di MS-13

Bilik Kabinet

Semburan Kolam Renang Di Rumah

3:40 PM PRESIDEN menandatangani Memorandum Presiden Keselamatan Negara (NSPM) yang menubuhkan Pusat Pemeriksaan Negara

Pejabat Oval

Akhbar Tertutup

Jadual Taklimat

2:30 PM Taklimat Akhbar dengan Setiausaha Akhbar Sarah Sanders

Bilik Taklimat Rumah Putih


Cuti Harian 2021 yang jatuh pada 18 Februari, merangkumi:

  • Lembu Susu Semasa Terbang di Hari Pesawat & # xa0
  • Hari Penyapu Ketam & # xa0
  • Minum Hari Anggur & # xa0
  • Makan Ais Krim untuk Sarapan Pagi & # xa0
  • Hari Bateri Nasional & # xa0
  • Hari Kebencian Nasional Florida & # xa0
  • Hari Pluto & # xa0
  • Hari Penghargaan Jempol & # xa0

Cuti Mingguan 2021 yang merangkumi 18 Februari, adalah:

  • Minggu Pendidikan Staf Penyakit dan Demensia Alzheimer - 14-21 Februari
  • Minggu Persaudaraan / Persaudaraan - 15-20 Februari, 2021 (Minggu Ketiga pada bulan Februari)
  • Sambutan Minggu Cinta - 14-20 Februari 2021 (Minggu Penuh Kedua pada bulan Februari)
  • Minggu Kanak-kanak Beralkohol - 14-20 Februari, 2021 (Minggu Penuh Kedua pada bulan Februari)
  • Minggu Kesedaran Distrofi Otot Duchenne - 13-19 Februari
  • Minggu Penghargaan Penulis Bebas - 14-20 Februari 2021 (Minggu Kedua Februari)
  • Great American Pizza Bake - 14-20 Februari 2021 (Minggu Kedua Februari)
  • Minggu Kesedaran Gagal Jantung - 14-20 Februari 2021 (Minggu & # xa0 Hari Valentine)
  • Homes for Birds Week - 14-20 Februari 2021 (Minggu Penuh Kedua Februari)
  • Minggu Menggoda Antarabangsa - 14-20 Februari 2021 (Minggu Hari Valentine)
  • Minggu Jell-O - 14-20 Februari 2021 (Minggu Penuh Kedua Februari)
  • Minggu Kraut dan Frankfurter - 14-20 Februari 2021 (Minggu Penuh Kedua Februari)
  • Minggu Ketidakupayaan Pembelajaran - 15-18 Februari 2021
  • Dipinjamkan - 17 Februari - 29 Mac 2021
  • Love a Mensch Week - 14-20 Februari 2021
  • Minggu Pengajaran Cinta - 14-21 Februari
  • Buat Coklat Tambang - (Kempen bermula setiap tahun pada 15 Februari, dan berakhir pada & # xa0Easter & # xa0 iaitu pada 4 April 2021)
  • Minggu Pemulihan Jantung Negara - 14-20 Februari 2021 - (Minggu Kedua Februari)
  • Minggu Kondom Negara - 14-21 Februari
  • Minggu Tarikh Kebangsaan (Buah) - 12-21 Februari 2021
  • Minggu Keusahawanan Nasional - 13-20 Februari 2021
  • Minggu FFA Kebangsaan - 13-20 Februari, 2021
  • Minggu Hijau Nasional - 7 Februari - 30 April 2021
  • Minggu Wira Nasional - 14-20 Februari 2021 (Minggu Penuh Kedua Februari)
  • Minggu Nestbox Nasional - 14-21 Februari
  • Minggu Idea Baru Nasional - 14-20 Februari 2021 (Minggu Penuh Kedua Februari)
  • Minggu Pancake Nasional - 14-20 Februari 2021
  • Salut Nasional kepada Pesakit Veteran - 14-20 Februari 2021 (Minggu 14 Februari - & # xa0 Hari Valentine)
  • Minggu Almari Pakaian Tangan Nasional - 14-20 Februari 2021 (Minggu Penuh Kedua pada bulan Februari)
  • Minggu Kesucian Nasional - 14-20 Februari 2021
  • Minggu Pendidikan Kakitangan NCCDP Alzheimer & Dementia - 14-21 Februari
  • Minggu Pickle Time - 14-20 Februari 2021 (Minggu Penuh Kedua Februari)
  • Bawa Keluarga Anda ke Minggu Sekolah - 14-21 Februari 2021
  • Minggu Menari Ireland Dunia - 13-20 Februari 2021

Cuti Bulanan 2021 yang merangkumi 18 Februari, adalah:

Terlalu banyak cuti bulanan untuk disertakan di sini, jadi sila lihat Halaman Cuti Februari & # xa0 untuk melihat semua cuti yang disambut sepanjang bulan Februari.

  1. Halaman pada setiap percutian akan datang tidak lama lagi dan dihubungkan di atas.
  2. Sekiranya tarikh adalah cuti bergerak, yang berbeza setiap tahun, saya akan memasukkan tahun dan juga peraturan tarikh di atas. Jika tidak, percutian jatuh pada tarikh yang sama setiap tahun.

Peristiwa Bersejarah pada 18 Februari

1478 George, Duke of Clarence, yang disabitkan dengan pengkhianatan terhadap kakaknya Edward IV dari England, dieksekusi secara tertutup di Menara London (dituduh mati lemas di sebotol anggur Malmsey).

Kejadian dari Minat

1503 Henry Tudor (kemudian Henry VIII) mencipta Prince of Wales

Kejadian dari Minat

1519 Hernán Cortés meninggalkan Cuba ke Semenanjung Yucatan, Mexico dengan 11 kapal dan 500 orang

    Perancis & Turki menandatangani perjanjian ketenteraan / perdagangan terhadap Raja Karel Huguenot Jean Poltrot de Mere menembak Gen Francois De Guise Zeeland jatuh ke pemberontak Belanda

Kejadian dari Minat

Bersejarah Penerbitan

1678 John Bunyan & quotPilgrim's Progress & quot diterbitkan di Holborn, London, oleh Nathaniel Ponder

    Fort St. Louis ditubuhkan oleh seorang Perancis di Matagorda Bay sehingga menjadi asas bagi tuntutan Perancis ke Texas. Quakers melakukan tunjuk perasaan rasmi pertama untuk perbudakan di Germantown, Pa Perancis menyerang di bawah Jacques Cassard di Curacao 1st opera yang dilakukan di Amerika, & quotFlora & quot, di Charleston, Carolina Selatan

Kejadian dari Minat

1745 Pasukan Bonnie Prince Charlie menduduki Inverness, Scotland

    Maharaja Rom Suci Joseph II melarang kanak-kanak di bawah umur 8 tahun untuk buruh

Kemenangan di Pertempuran

1814 Pertempuran Montereau kemenangan Perancis di bawah Napoleon Bonaparte menentang Austria dan Württembergers di bawah Raja Württemberg.

    Lebih daripada 100 kapal musnah dalam ribut, surat khabar buruh AS pertama di Gibraltar, & quotThe Man & quot, yang diterbitkan, borang NYC Detroit Boat Club (& amp masih ada) Perkhidmatan kapal uap biasa ke California bermula (atau 02/28) California Legislature mewujudkan sembilan daerah Bay Area

Kejadian dari Minat

1856 Parti Amerika (Know-Nothings) bersidang di Philadelphia, Pennsylvania untuk mencalonkan calon Presiden pertamanya, mantan Presiden Millard Fillmore.

Kejadian dari Minat

1857 penduduk China di negeri Sarawak yang melarikan diri memberontak menentang & quot; Gambar Putih & quot; James Brooke

Kejadian dari Minat

1861 Presiden Gabungan Jefferson Davis dilantik di Montgomery, Alabama (Perang Saudara AS)

Kejadian dari Minat

1861 Raja Victor Emmanuel II dari Sardinia menjadi Raja Itali pertama

    Battle of Fort Moultrie, SC yang diduduki oleh Federals Evacuation of Charleston, pasukan South Carolina Union memaksa Confederates untuk meninggalkan Ft Anderson, hubungan langsung telegraf NC yang terjalin antara Britain dan New Zealand John Tunstall dibunuh oleh penjahat Jessie Evans, mencetuskan Perang Lincoln County di Lincoln County, New Mexico. Orang Arab menangkap perdana menteri Mesir, Nabar Pasha

Patung Liberty

1879 Sculptor Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi dianugerahkan hak paten untuk reka bentuknya untuk Patung Liberty

Kejadian dari Minat

1884 Polis merampas semua salinan tolstoy & quotApa Yang Saya Percayai & quot

Bersejarah Penerbitan

1885 Mark Twain menerbitkan & quotAdventures of Huckleberry Finn & quot di AS

    Tentera Capt Archinard bertempur dengan Nyamina dari Niger di West-Sudan Cave of Winds di Air Terjun Niagara hampir kering untuk pertama kalinya dalam 50 thn 80 ° F yang direkodkan di San Francisco, California San Francisco dinamakan sebagai pelabuhan pengiriman untuk Angkatan Darat pengangkutan Stanley Cup, Montreal Arena, Westmount, Quebec: Montreal Victorias menewaskan Winnipeg Victorias, seri 3-2 untuk menyapu, 2-0 untuk Pertempuran CAHL di Paardeberg, 1,270 tentera Britain yang terbunuh / cedera menduduki Monte Christo, Natal H Cecil Booth mempatenkan pembersih penghisap debu

Kejadian dari Minat

1901 Winston Churchill membuat ucapan sulungnya di British House of Commons.

Muzik Tayangan Perdana

1902 Opera Jules Massenet & perdana quotLe jongleur de Notre-Dame & quot di Monte Carlo

Kejadian dari Minat

1905 Tayangan perdana Frank Wedekind & quotHidalla oder Sein und Haben & quot (Hidalla, atau Menjadi dan Memiliki) di Munich

Kejadian dari Minat

1906 Vincent d'Indy's & quotJour D'été à La Montagne & quot perdana di Paris

    Setem pos AS dalam bentuk gulungan yang dikeluarkan Duta Besar Amerika ke Jepun diberi nota oleh pihak Jepun di mana mereka bersetuju untuk menyekat penghijrahan Jepun ke AS ini dikenali sebagai 'Perjanjian Tuan-tuan'

Kejadian dari Minat

1909 Boston Red Sox memperdagangkan Cy Young, pada usia 41, ke Cleveland Naps

    Penerbangan rasmi pertama dengan surat udara berlaku di Allahabad, India Britain, ketika Henri Pequet, juruterbang berusia 23 tahun, menyampaikan 6,500 surat kepada Naini, sekitar 10 km.

Kejadian dari Minat

1913 Lukisan modernis Perancis & "Nude Descending a Tangga" oleh Marcel Duchamp menimbulkan kegemparan ketika ditunjukkan di New York

    Presiden Francisco Madero dari Mexico digulingkan Jerman memulakan sekatan Britain Pengawal Jerman terakhir di jajahan Cameroons Jerman menyerahkan mogok besar pertama Rusia & "Revolusi Februari" bermula di kilang Putilov raksasa di Petrograd [NS = 3 Mac] Jerman memperbaharui serangannya terhadap tentera Rusia, membuat keuntungan dramatik terhadap tentera Rusia yang tidak teratur dan tidak berpuas hati

NHL Rekodkan

1919 Cy Denneny dari NHL Ottawa Senators menjaringkan gol ke-52

Kejadian dari Minat

1922 Kenesaw Mountain Landis mengundurkan diri dari hakim persekutuannya untuk memberi perhatian sepenuhnya kepada pekerjaan sebagai Pesuruhjaya Baseball Liga Utama

    WOC-AM di Davenport IA memulakan transmisi radio The Capper-Volstead Act membenarkan para petani untuk membeli dan menjual secara kooperatif tanpa risiko pendakwaan di bawah undang-undang antimonopoli Belgia: Pekerja tambang Borinage mogok dengan gaji yang lebih tinggi Kejuaraan Skating Tokoh Wanita AS dimenangi oleh Theresa Weld Blanchard Kejuaraan Luncur Tokoh Lelaki AS dimenangi oleh Sherwin Badger

Kejadian dari Minat

1924 Setiausaha Tentera Laut AS Edwin Denby mengundurkan diri kerana skandal Teapot Dome

    Siaran radio AS pertama & "Konsert Perkhidmatan Bandar" & hubungan diplomatik terbuka AS & Kanada, Sonja Henie dari Norway memenangi pingat emas pemain skate wanita di Sukan Olimpik Musim Sejuk St. Moritz sebagai yang pertama dalam 3 gelaran berturut-turut dalam acara itu

Muzik Tayangan Perdana

1930 Muzik Richard Rodgers dan Lorenz Hart & quotSimple Simon & quot perdana di NYC

    Ahli astronomi AS Clyde Tombaugh menemui Pluto Jepun mengisytiharkan Manchuria bebas Sonja Henie memenangi gelaran skating wanita Dunia ke-6 berturut-turut yang diisytiharkan oleh Jepun dan menamakan negeri Manchukuo di timur laut China NHL mencatat 32 mata, NY Amerika (28) & amp Mont Maroons (24) Golden Gate Pameran Antarabangsa dibuka di tanah tentera Jepun Treasure Island di Bali edisi 1 akhbar perlawanan Belanda & quotTrouw & quot; kumpulan perlawanan Munich & quotWhite Rose & quot yang ditangkap oleh NaziSindiket yang diketuai oleh tukang kayu New York William D Cox membeli Philadelphia Phillies dari MLB dengan harga $ 850,000 Cox berusia 33 tahun adalah pemilik termuda dalam baseball, Menteri Propaganda Jerman, Josef Goebbells menuntut & perang quototal & quot dari warganegara Jerman dalam ucapannya di pejuang perlawanan Berlin Sportpalast Maastricht, JAJ Janssen yang ditangkap, Joe Nuxhall, 15, menandatangani kontrak untuk bermain besbol dengan Cincinnati Reds satu hari selepas bermain di sekolah menengah debut permainan bola keranjang akhir tahun 24 mati dalam kereta api kemalangan di Gallitzin, Pennsylvania

Kejadian dari Minat

Diakon Gereja 1965 Jimmie Lee Jackson dipukul dan ditembak semasa perarakan damai di Marion, Alabama. Kematiannya 8 hari kemudian memberi inspirasi kepada perarakan Selma ke Montgomery.

    Gambia menjadi bebas dari pitcher Softball Inggeris, Eddie Feigner menyerang 6 orang legier utama berturut-turut Ribuan orang di Berlin Barat berdemonstrasi menentang penglibatan AS dalam Sukan Olimpik Musim Sejuk Vietnam War X di Grenoble, Perancis Britain memulakan percubaan sepanjang tahun menjimatkan masa (BST - Waktu Standard Inggeris, satu jam lebih awal dari GMT)

Kejadian dari Minat

    Setelah memenangi pingat emas Olimpik perseorangan lelaki luge di Innsbruck (1964), Thomas Köhler dari pasukan Jerman bersama Klaus Bonsack untuk merebut beregu di Grenoble Doug Walters menjaringkan abad ke-2 selepas 242 dalam pesawat El-Al serangan PLO pertama di Zurich Switzerland Chicago 7 defendan didapati tidak bersalah kerana menghasut rusuhan

Kejadian dari Minat

Presiden AS 1970 Richard Nixon melancarkan & quot doktrin Nixon & quot

    Mahkamah Agung California menjatuhkan hukuman mati Giulio Andreotti yang mengangkat sumpah sebagai perdana menteri Itali untuk kali pertama

Kejadian dari Minat

1972 John Lennon dan Yoko Ono mengakhiri seminggu bersama-sama Mike Douglas Show

    Gurita 54 kg berukuran 7m merentasi yang ditangkap di Hood Canal, Emiel Puttemans dari Belgia Washington menjalankan catatan dalaman 3,000m 7: 39.2

Daytona 500

1973 Daythona 500 ke-15: Richard Petty memenangi perlumbaan Great American ke-4nya dengan lebih daripada 2 pusingan dari Bobby Isaac

    NASA melancarkan satelit Itali San Marcos C-2 (235/843 km) duta AS untuk India Daniel Moynihan menyampaikan cek $ 2,046,700,000

Muzik Anugerah

Muzik Bujang

1977 George Harrison mengeluarkan single muzik & # 39; True Love & quot, dari album & quot33-1 / 3 & quot

    Space Shuttle Enterprise melakukan penerbangan perdana yang dilekatkan di atas pesepak bola kriket Boeing 747 Shuttle Aircraft Carrier West Indies, Joel Garner (4/130) dan (Colin Croft 3/85) dalam debut 1st Test v Pakistan di Bridgetown, kumpulan rock Amerika Barbados KISS bermain konsert pertama mereka di tempat asal mereka di Madison Square Garden di New York City 1st Iron Man Triathlon (berenang, menunggang basikal, maraton) yang diadakan, Kona, Hawaii -52 ° F (-47 ° C), Old Forge, New York ( rekod negara) Siri mini & quotRoots: Generasi Berikutnya & perdana perdana di TV ABC NASA melancarkan kenderaan angkasa S-202 Presiden Parti Nasional Zia ur-Rahman memenangi pilihan raya di Bangladesh Salji jatuh di Gurun Sahara 21 Daytona 500: Richard Petty menang setelah pemimpin perlumbaan Cale Yarborough dan Donnie Allison bertembung satu sama lain pada pusingan terakhir yang disiarkan perlumbaan sejauh 500 batu dari awal hingga akhir Billy Wyman mengatakan bahawa dia akan meninggalkan Rolling Stones pada tahun 1983 (Pasti!) Parti Liberal Pierre Elliott Trudeau memenangi pilihan raya Kanada Berlin International Fi ke-30 Festival: & # 39; Hati & quot & & quot; Palermo atau Wolfsburg & quot; pemenang skuad Beruang Emas (tali leher) Soviet Irina Rodnina memenangi gelaran pasangan Olimpik ke-3 berturut-turut di pingat emas Lake Placid dengan suami Alexander Zaitsev (1976, 80) dan Alexei Ulanov (1972) salib Jerman Timur pemain ski negara, Barbara Petzold memenangi pertama dari 2 pingat emas di Sukan Olimpik Musim Sejuk Lake Placid dalam 10k wanita juga mengambil emas sebagai sebahagian daripada pasukan relay 4 x 5k

Kejadian dari Minat

1981 Pusat Edmonton yang berusia 20 tahun Wayne Gretzky menjadi pemain pertama dalam sejarah NHL yang menjaringkan 5 hatrik dalam karier sebelum usia 21 menjaringkan 5 gol dan 2 assist dalam kemenangan 9-2 di rumah Oilers menentang St. Louis

    Indiana Pacers kalah, 121-94 di Milwaukee memulakan permainan 28 NBA dengan kalah beraksi di sayap kanan Lanny McDonald menjadi pemain pertama dalam sejarah francais NHL Calgary Flames yang menjaringkan 50 gol dalam satu musim dalam kekalahan 5-1 kepada Buffalo Sabers Festival Filem Antarabangsa Berlin ke-33: & quot; Keunggulan & quot & & quot; The Beehive & quot memenangi Golden Concordat (tali leher) antara Itali & amp; Vatican menandatangani pemain ski merentas desa Finland Marja-Liisa Hämäläinen memenangi pingat emas 20k di Olimpik Musim Sejuk Sarajevo menyapu semua 3 acara individu, juga memenangi acara 5k dan 10k pemain skater Jerman Timur Katarina Witt memenangi pertama dari 2 pingat emas perseorangan wanita berturut-turut di Olimpik Musim Sejuk Sarajevo juga memenangi emas di Calgary (1988) Pelompat ski Finlandia Matti Nykänen memenangi pertama dari 4 pingat emas Olimpik kerjaya di Large Hill acara individu di Sukan Musim Sejuk Sarajevo San Antonio penjaga Alvin Robertson menjaringkan NBA 2 kali ganda dua kali ganda 20 mata, 11 rebound, 10 assist & amp 10 mencuri dalam 1 Kemenangan 20-114 ke atas Phoenix Suns

Kejadian dari Minat

Iklan anti-rokok 1986 disiarkan untuk pertama kalinya di TV, yang menampilkan Yul Brynner: dia meninggal kerana barah paru-paru akibat merokok pada 10 Oktober 1985


Kalendar Jun 2018

Lihat atau muat turun kalendar 2018.
Pergi ke Kalendar 2018.

TarikhMatahari TerbitMatahari terbenamPanjang hari
1 Jun 20185:2720:2114j 54m
2 Jun 20185:2720:2214h 55m
3 Jun 20185:2620:2214h 56m
4 Jun 20185:2620:2314j 57m
5 Jun 20185:2620:2414j 58m
6 Jun 20185:2520:2414h 59m
7 Jun 20185:2520:2515jam 0m
8 Jun 20185:2520:2515jam 0m
9 Jun 20185:2520:2615jam 1m
10 Jun 20185:2520:2715j 2m
11 Jun 20185:2420:2715h 3m
12 Jun 20185:2420:2815j 4m
13 Jun 20185:2420:2815h 4m
14 Jun 20185:2420:2815j 4m
15 Jun 20185:2420:2915jam 5m
16 Jun 20185:2420:2915jam 5m
17 Jun 20185:2420:3015h 6m
18 Jun 20185:2420:3015h 6m
19 Jun 20185:2520:3015jam 5m
20 Jun 20185:2520:3015jam 5m
21 Jun 20185:2520:3115h 6m
22 Jun 20185:2520:3115h 6m
23 Jun 20185:2520:3115h 6m
24 Jun 20185:2620:3115jam 5m
25 Jun 20185:2620:3115jam 5m
26 Jun 20185:2620:3115jam 5m
27 Jun 20185:2720:3115h 4m
28 Jun 20185:2720:3115j 4m
29 Jun 20185:2720:3115j 4m
30 Jun 20185:2820:3115h 3m

Matahari terbit dan terbenam dikira dari New York. Semua masa dalam kalendar Jun 2018 mungkin berbeza apabila anda misalnya tinggal di timur atau barat di Amerika Syarikat. Untuk melihat matahari terbit dan terbenam di rantau anda, pilih bandar di atas senarai ini.


Kandungan

Pilihan bandar raya tuan rumah Edit

Pada 8 Oktober 2013, liga mengumumkan bahawa tiga tempat bersaing untuk menjadi tuan rumah Super Bowl LII: [11] [12] [13]

    di Minneapolis, Minnesota. Minneapolis menjadi tuan rumah Super Bowl XXVI pada tahun 1992 di Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome, yang diruntuhkan selepas musim 2013 dan digantikan pada tahun 2016 oleh Stadium Bank A.S. di Indianapolis, Indiana. Stadium ini menjadi tuan rumah Super Bowl XLVI pada tahun 2012. [14] di New Orleans, Louisiana. Bandar ini telah menjadi tuan rumah 10 Super Bowl, termasuk tujuh di Superdome, terakhir Super Bowl XLVII pada tahun 2013. [15] [16] [17]

Pada 20 Mei 2014, pemilik liga memilih Minneapolis pada pertemuan mereka di Atlanta, Georgia. [18] [19]

Suntingan Pasukan

NFC diwakili oleh pilihan pilihan playoff nombor satu Philadelphia Eagles, sementara AFC diwakili oleh pilihan nombor satu playoff New England Patriots, menandakan kali keempat dalam lima tahun sebelumnya bahawa Super Bowl menampilkan pasukan teratas dari masing-masing persidangan. [20]

Philadelphia Eagles Edit

The Eagles menamatkan musim biasa dengan catatan 13–3, sama seperti New England, Minnesota, dan Pittsburgh, tetapi berbagai ketentuan yang mengikat kedudukan memberi mereka pilihan utama NFC dalam playoff NFL 2017-18. Ini merupakan peningkatan yang besar bagi pasukan di bawah ketua jurulatih tahun kedua Doug Pederson the Eagles menamatkan musim sebelumnya dengan catatan 7-9. Pada musim 2017, pasukan memperoleh 457 mata (ketiga di NFL), sementara hanya menyerah 295 (keempat) mata. [21]

Kesalahan itu dipimpin oleh quarterback Pro Bowl Carson Wentz. Hanya pada musim keduanya, dia mencatatkan penilaian pelintas 101.9, melambung sejauh 3,296 ela dan 33 gol, dengan hanya tujuh pemintas. Sasaran teratasnya adalah Pro Bowl Zach Ertz, yang berjaya menangkap 74 hantaran 824 ela dan lapan gol. Penyumbang lain adalah dua penerima yang diperoleh dari agensi bebas musim: Alshon Jeffery, yang menangkap 57 hantaran sejauh 789 ela dan sembilan skor dan Torrey Smith, yang mempunyai 36 majlis untuk 430 ela. Sementara itu, penerima tahun ketiga Nelson Agholor mempunyai musim terbaik dalam kariernya, mengangkut 62 hantaran dengan jarak 768 ela dan lapan gol, jumlah yang lebih tinggi di setiap kategori daripada gabungan dua musim sebelumnya. Serangan bergegas Eagles juga mendapat manfaat daripada dua pemain yang baru diperoleh, LeGarrette Blount dan Jay Ajayi. Blount, pemain luar musim yang memenangi Super Bowl dengan the Patriots, memperoleh 776 yard tergesa-gesa dan dua gol, sementara Ajayi, dijemput oleh perdagangan pertengahan musim dengan Miami Dolphins, bergegas sejauh 873 ela dan menangkap 24 hantaran untuk 154 ela digabungkan dengan dua pasukan. Philadelphia juga mempunyai barisan serangan yang hebat, dipimpin oleh dua pilihan Pro Bowl: Tackle Lane Johnson dan Guard Brandon Brooks. [22]

Philadelphia telah mara ke puncak NFC dengan memenangi 10 dari 12 perlawanan pertama mereka, tetapi mengalami kemunduran besar pada 10 Disember, ketika Wentz turun dengan air mata ACL yang berakhir musim dan digantikan oleh quarterback cadangan perjalanan Nick Foles, yang bermain untuk pasukan ketiganya selama bertahun-tahun dan bertanding kedua dengan Eagles. Selepas kecederaan Wentz, banyak penganalisis menuliskan baki musim Eagles kerana mereka percaya mereka tidak akan pulih dari kehilangannya. Penganalisis yang mengejutkan, Foles dapat memimpin pasukan menuju kemenangan dalam permainan itu, dan juga dua perlawanan berikutnya. The Eagles berehat Foles untuk permainan mereka dan dipimpin oleh quarterback rentetan ketiga Nate Sudfeld untuk permainan mereka yang tidak bererti melawan Cowboys pada Minggu 17, permainan yang mereka kalah, tetapi dalam dua permainan playoff Eagles, Foles melemparkan dengan jumlah keseluruhan 598 meter, tiga gol dan tiada pencegahan, mereplikasi prestasi cemerlang Wentz untuk membawa Eagles ke gelaran NFC. [24] The Eagles tidak digemari untuk menang dalam penampilan playoff 2018 mereka termasuk Super Bowl 52. Pasukan ini merangkul peranan mereka sebagai underdog dan sering dilihat memakai topeng anjing setelah setiap kemenangan playoff seperti juga peminat mereka.

Suntingan Patriot New England

Selama musim biasa, kekalahan New England menyebabkan liga di yard yang diperoleh (6,307) dan menduduki tempat kedua dalam mata yang dijaringkan (458). Brady yang berusia 40 tahun menamatkan musim ke-18 dengan 4,577 lorong utama liga, 32 gol dan hanya lapan pencegahan, menjadikannya pilihan ke-13 untuk Pro Bowl dan anugerah MVP liga ketiganya. Satu perubahan yang membantu menebus kerugian Edelman adalah pemerolehan penerima Brandin Cooks, yang menangkap 65 umpan sejauh 1,082 ela dan tujuh gol. Brady juga dibantu oleh kembalinya Gronkowski yang sihat, yang hanya bermain lapan perlawanan pada musim sebelumnya, menamatkan tahun ini dengan 69 tangkapan dengan jarak 1,084 ela dan lapan skor. Penerima Danny Amendola menambah 61 penerimaan untuk 659 ela, dan juga 240 ela yang kembali. Dengan kehilangan LeGarrette Blount sebagai pemimpin bebas musim sebelumnya, Dion Lewis melangkah untuk memimpin, bergegas 896 ela dan enam gol walaupun hanya memulakan lapan perlawanan. Dia juga berjaya menangkap 32 hantaran sejauh 214 ela dan dua gol dan menambah 570 ela dan satu lagi gol yang kembali. Rex Burkhead terkena 518 halaman serba guna, 30 majlis, dan lapan gol. Dalam situasi lulus, pasukan sangat bergantung pada mengejar James White, yang menangkap 56 hantaran sejauh 429 ela dan bergegas untuk 171 di tanah. Punggung ini dibantu oleh sekatan fullback James Develin, yang memperoleh pilihan Pro Bowl pertamanya. Pada pasukan khas, kicker Stephen Gostkowski menduduki tempat kedua di NFL dengan 156 mata dan keempat gol di lapangan dibuat dengan 37, sementara pasukan khas veteran, Matthew Slater memperoleh pilihan ketujuh berturut-turut Pro Bowl. [28]

Suntingan Playoff

Pada babak playoff, Patriots memperoleh kelebihan bye dan tuan rumah di pusingan pertama kerana status mereka sebagai pilihan keseluruhan pertama AFC. Pada pusingan divisi, mereka mengalahkan Tennessee Titans 35–14, ketika Brady berlalu sejauh 337 ela dan tiga gol. Dalam permainan itu, pertahanan mengumpulkan delapan karung quarterback Marcus Mariota dan menahan permainan Titans berjalan sejauh 65 ela. [30] Mereka kemudian mengalahkan Jacksonville Jaguars 24–20 dalam AFC Championship Game, berkumpul dari belakang untuk memenangi permainan setelah Jaguars melompat ke kedudukan awal 14–3 dan pertahanan terbaik liga mengalahkan Brady dan yang lain kesalahan untuk sebahagian besar babak pertama. [ rujukan diperlukan ] Turun 20–10 pada suku keempat, kemunculan semula Patriots dimeterai oleh dua pemanduan yang dipimpin oleh Brady, keduanya menghasilkan hantaran sentuhan ke Danny Amendola, serta pemberhentian pertahanan utama oleh Stephon Gilmore, yang blok akrobatik Blake Bortles hantaran menamatkan peluang terakhir Jacksonville untuk menjaringkan gol. Rob Gronkowski cedera dalam permainan dengan gegaran otak, meninggalkan statusnya untuk Super Bowl dalam keraguan. Amendola adalah bintang pelarian untuk Patriots semasa dua kemenangan playoff mereka, memimpin pasukan dengan 196 meter penerimaan, dan berfungsi sebagai sasaran utama Brady. [31]

Philadelphia juga memperoleh kelebihan bye pusingan pertama dan padang di rumah sebagai pilihan keseluruhan pertama NFC. Mereka memulakan pusingan divisi dengan mengalahkan Atlanta Falcons 15–10, menghentikan Falcons pada empat perlawanan berturut-turut setelah Falcons mengalami situasi pertama dan bawah gol di garisan 9-elang Eagles semasa pemanduan terakhir mereka. [32] Mereka kemudian mengalahkan Minnesota Vikings 38-7 dalam Permainan Kejuaraan NFC. Walaupun pasukan Viking mencetak gol dalam permainan pembukaan mereka, pertahanan Eagles menahan mereka dengan tiga tendangan, dua pergantian gol di bawah, dua pencegahan, dan satu kekalahan hilang dalam baki permainan mereka yang tersisa. Sementara itu, Foles mempunyai permainan hebat, di mana dia menyelesaikan 26 dari 33 hantaran sejauh 353 ela dan tiga gol. [33]

Nota pra-permainan Edit

Permainan ini adalah pertandingan semula Super Bowl XXXIX. Hanya satu pemain, Patriots yang memulakan suku pertama Tom Brady, kekal di salah satu senarai dari pertandingan itu. [34] Bill Belichick, ketua jurulatih Patriots dalam pertandingan itu, juga tetap berada di posisi itu. Two Eagles, yang mengalahkan LeGarrette Blount dan barisan pertahanan Chris Long, pernah menjadi Patriots di Super Bowl LI 2017. [35] The Eagles tewas 1-4 menentang Patriots era Brady / Belichick sebelum permainan ini (walaupun pramusim), termasuk Super Bowl XXXIX, satu kemenangan mereka adalah kemenangan 35-28 di Stadium Gillette pada bulan Disember semasa musim 2015 mereka yang agak lemah , di mana setelah ketinggalan 14-0, mereka terus mengumpul 35 mata dan menahan mereka hanya dengan dua gol lagi untuk menang, membolehkan mereka akhirnya membalas dendam pertama mereka selama sebelas tahun sebelumnya.

The Patriots adalah pasukan tuan rumah yang dilantik untuk Super Bowl LII, kerana pasukan AFC adalah pasukan tuan rumah yang ditunjuk pada tahun genap dan pasukan NFC pada tahun bernombor ganjil. Sebagai pasukan tuan rumah yang ditetapkan, Patriots memilih untuk memakai jersi putih jalan mereka dengan seluar biru laut, menjadi pasukan keenam yang memakai jersi putih mereka sebagai pasukan tuan rumah dan pasukan ketiga yang memakai putih dalam Super Bowl belakang-belakang, mengikuti Dallas Cowboys di Super Bowls XII dan XIII dan sekali lagi di Super Bowls XXVII dan XXVIII. [ rujukan diperlukan ] Oleh itu, Eagles mengenakan seragam rumah standard mereka dengan jersi hijau tengah malam dengan seluar putih. [36] Dua belas dari 13 Mangkuk Super sebelumnya telah dimenangi oleh pasukan yang memakai jersi putih. Pasukan terakhir yang memenangi Super Bowl ketika memakai pakaian seragam rumah mereka adalah Green Bay Packers di Super Bowl XLV (yang kebetulan juga memakai jersi hijau). [37]

Pertubuhan perjudian mempunyai Patriots sebagai kegemaran 5 ½ mata dan mengunjurkan 47 ½ mata dijaringkan. [38]

Edit Operasi

Untuk menyelaraskan permainan dan 10 hari acara, Liga Bola Sepak Nasional buat sementara waktu mengendalikan pejabat acara di dalam bangunan pejabat Minnesota Vikings di sebelah Stadium Bank A.S. [39] Lebih daripada 150,000 pengunjung dijangka menghadiri acara yang berkaitan dengan Super Bowl selama sepuluh hari. [40] Di antaranya terdapat kira-kira 5,000 ahli acara media acara media dan sidang media diadakan di The Mall of America di Bloomington, Minnesota.

Tidak ada cukai penjualan yang dipungut pada tiket masuk ke permainan dan acara berkaitan, termasuk tempat letak kereta. [41]

Untuk meningkatkan keselamatan di sekitar Stadium Bank A.S., stesen kereta api ringan itu ditutup selama 48 jam sebelum perlawanan, [42] dan tempat perlindungan gelandangan yang berdekatan dipindahkan buat sementara waktu di luar tahap keselamatan. [43] Jalur Biru sistem kereta api hanya terbuka untuk pemegang tiket dan penumpang dengan Pas Gameday, sementara Jalur Hijau hanya berlari ke stesen Stadium Village di kampus University of Minnesota sebelum melanjutkan dengan akses terhad. Metro Transit mengendalikan bas ulang-alik antara stesen kereta api ringan, dan perkhidmatan bas biasa dipindahkan selama beberapa minggu kerana penutupan jalan. [44] [45] Tiga puluh kumpulan aktivis menganjurkan tunjuk perasaan dan tunjuk perasaan terhadap kekejaman polis, kerakusan korporat, dan amalan perkauman. 17 orang menyekat kereta Green Line selama 90 minit sebelum perlawanan, dan 200 penunjuk perasaan menghalang jalan masuk ke kawasan keselamatan stadium. [46]

Di bawah perjanjian 1998, pemilik Patriots dan Eagles membelah tiket, dan liga mengendalikan persembahan permainan dan hiburan di stadium. The Patriots berlatih di kemudahan Minnesota Vikings di Eden Prairie sementara Eagles menggunakan University of Minnesota. The Eagles mendapat bilik persalinan dan tepi jalan Viking. The Vikings telah mara ke NFC Championship Game sebelum kalah dari Eagles hingga saat itu, kemungkinan Viking maju ke Super Bowl dan dengan demikian menjadi pasukan pertama yang memainkan permainan di stadium asalnya adalah masuk akal. Sekiranya itu berlaku, Viking akan menggunakan bilik persalinan dan kemudahan latihan mereka sendiri, sementara juara AFC akan menggunakan University of Minnesota. [47]

Acara yang berkaitan Edit

Jawatankuasa tuan rumah Minnesota Super Bowl dibentangkan Super Bowl Live di Nicollet Mall di pusat bandar Minneapolis. [48] ​​Festival dan konsert [5] percuma selama sepuluh hari ini menampilkan Sheila E., The Revolution, Morris Day and The Time, dan The New Power Generation, pemuzik dari Minnesota yang bekerjasama dengan Prince, orang asli Minneapolis. Dihasilkan oleh Jimmy Jam dan Terry Lewis, Super Bowl Live juga merangkumi persembahan oleh Idina Menzel, Soul Asylum, the Suburbs, Bob Mold, Sounds of Blackness, Dessa, VocalEssence, Mint Condition, dan the Jets. [49] Selain siri konsert, Super Bowl Live menampilkan Jambatan Antarabangsa Birkebeiner Amerika seluas 200 kaki (61 m) di Nicollet Mall untuk mempamerkan ski merentas desa, bermain ski, lumba basikal tayar lemak, [5] dan demonstrasi tiub salji. [50] Terdapat juga pertunjukan aksi kereta salji pada 3 Februari. [5]

NFL menyampaikan Pengalaman Super Bowl di Pusat Konvensyen Minneapolis [48] [39] [51] dari 27 Januari hingga 3 Februari dengan bayaran masuk. [5] Kelly Clarkson tampil di Minneapolis Armory dan ruang rehat Stadium Bank A.S. pada hari Super Bowl. [52]

Minneapolis Armory juga menganjurkan konsert Jennifer Lopez, Imagine Dragons, dan Pink berhampiran dengan Stadium Bank A.S. [53] [54] [55] [56] Pink juga mempersembahkan lagu kebangsaan sebelum Super Bowl. [57] Pemain separuh masa, Justin Timberlake mengadakan "sesi mendengar" tiket terbarunya dari album terbarunya di Prince's Paisley Park. [58] Dave Matthews Band tampil di Xcel Energy Center di Saint Paul. [54] Kasino Mystic Lake Komuniti Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux menjadi tuan rumah Gwen Stefani, [59] the Chainsmokers, Florida Georgia Line, dan Kygo. [60] Perancang pada asalnya menjadualkan kelab malam perjalanan seluas 64,000 kaki persegi (5,900 m 2) untuk 9500 orang, [61] [54] tetapi dibatalkan, memindahkan konsertnya ke kasino utama. [60] Penampilan Ellie Goulding dengan Kygo dibatalkan pada masa yang sama. [62] Kasino Mystic Lake di Prior Lake, Minnesota, memiliki hotel kedua terbesar di kawasan metropolitan Twin Cities, dan Prior Lake menjadi tuan rumah acara Super Bowl-minggu termasuk aktiviti musim sejuk, pertandingan hotdish, dan penggalangan dana. [59]

Acara lain diadakan di Mall of America (termasuk Radio Row sebagai tempat untuk pertunjukan kebangsaan [63] [64]), Saint Paul's RiverCentre [6] dan Xcel Energy Center, [65] lokasi Taman Musim Sejuk Minnesota Vikings di Eden Prairie, dan Universiti Minnesota. [66] "Taste of the NFL" adalah penggalangan dana untuk bank makanan dan diadakan di Saint Paul. [67] Minneapolis juga menawarkan garis zip sementara melintasi Sungai Mississippi berhampiran pusat bandar. [68] Loppet Luminary di sekitar Tasik Kepulauan di Minneapolis menampilkan tarian api, piramid ais, dan lilin ringan pada waktu malam. [5]

Karnival Musim Sejuk Saint Paul 2018 berlangsung menjelang, semasa dan selepas Super Bowl. [69] Penganjur Karnival membina istana ais besar untuk bertepatan dengan perayaan Super Bowl, seperti dengan Super Bowl XXVI pada tahun 1992. [70] Istana ais telah dirancang, [71] [72] dibatalkan kerana kekurangan dana, [73] kemudian diumumkan semula dengan penaja. [70] Acara di Saint Paul juga merangkumi demonstrasi sukan ekstrem, "slaid gergasi", dan pesta blok. Pegawai di ibu kota berharap dapat menarik pengunjung Minneapolis Super Bowl. [74] Institut Seni Minneapolis mempunyai labirin ais seluas 20 kaki 40 kaki (6.1 m × 12.2 m), tinggi 6 kaki (1.8 m). [75]

The Great Northern adalah festival musim sejuk di Twin Cities dari 25 Januari hingga 4 Februari yang merangkumi Kejohanan Hoki Kolam A.S., bar ais, [76] dan "pertandingan ski bandar". [77]

ESPN menyiarkan pengaturcaraan studio dari Pusat IDS di pusat bandar Minneapolis, [78] sementara Golf Channel (rangkaian saudara dari penyiar Super Bowl LII NBC) menyiarkan dua episod langsung rancangan wawancara eponim David Feherty dari State Theatre. [79]

Masyarakat asli Amerika Minnesota melakukan upacara gendang setiap malam. [64] Pelbagai drum dari seluruh negeri dilakukan di lokasi yang berlainan sepanjang hari. [80] [81]

Edit Pemasaran

Slogan Bold Utara was developed by the Minnesota Super Bowl Host Committee to promote Super Bowl LII and its surrounding festivities. The slogan was intended to represent an embrace of the region's climate as part of its identity, and was used on merchandise and by the host committee's official sponsors. The NFL unveiled the official logo for Super Bowl LII (a cerulean-colored version of a standardized design) prior to Super Bowl LI, and the official branding elements and secondary logo in October 2017—featuring blue and purple aurora motifs. [82] [83] [84]

Suntingan Amerika Syarikat

NBC broadcast Super Bowl LII, as part of an annual cycle between the three main broadcast television partners of the NFL. [85] NBC's lead NFL team of play-by-play man Al Michaels and color analyst Cris Collinsworth called the game. Sister cable network Universo carried a full Spanish language broadcast produced by Telemundo Deportes, with Edgar Lopez and Rene Giraldo. The Universo Spanish audio was also available on NBC through the SAP channel, where available. [86] [87] NBC employed 73 cameras within the stadium, and introduced "volumetric-AR" graphics featuring 3D body scanning of players, [88] [89] and a new on-air graphics package to be used exclusively for Sunday Night Football going forward. [90]

This was the last game in Westwood One's national radio contract with the NFL before a quiet renewal on undermined terms after the season and Cumulus exited a chapter 11 bankruptcy filing made just before the Super Bowl. [91] Each participating team's flagship station (the Patriots Radio Network's WBZ-FM/Boston, and the Eagles Radio Network's WIP-FM/Philadelphia, along with WEMG/Camden, New Jersey for Spanish play-by-play) carried the game with local announcers. (For the second consecutive year, none of the local flagships are clear-channel stations, and thus the local commentators were only audible for free within each respective team's immediate metropolitan area listeners who live outside the flagship stations' broadcast ranges were required to subscribe to Sirius XM Radio or TuneIn Premium to access the local broadcasts.) Under the terms of the Westwood One contract, any radio station that is not a local flagship, if it is to carry the game, is required to utilize the Westwood One feed. It was the first title win called by Eagles play-by-play announcer Merrill Reese, who has been the primary radio voice of the team since 1977. [92]

Online streams of the game were provided by NBC. It was available on NBCSports.com, the NBC Sports app for mobile devices, tablets, connected-TV devices, and NBC.com without any required login. The Spanish-language broadcast was available on the Telemundo Deportes En Vivo app and TelemundoDeportes.com for desktop devices, connected TV devices, and tablets but not mobile devices. [93] Under new digital rights deals that began with the 2017–18 playoffs, Verizon still offers mobile streaming of games, but no longer holds exclusive rights to stream NFL games on smartphones or make them exclusive to Verizon Wireless subscribers. Instead, Verizon elected to use the deal to bolster its recent acquisition of Yahoo! on January 9, 2018, Verizon announced that it would host streams of playoff games through the Yahoo! Sports and go90 app, including Super Bowl LII. As a result of the deal, the online stream was available to viewers on all Internet devices for the first time, regardless of network (because of Verizon's previous exclusive rights deal, non-Verizon phones had previously been blocked from receiving any NFL telecasts, regardless of source). [94] [95] The game was also available through the NFL Mobile app with the aforementioned change to viewing through the app now being allowed on all mobile carriers. [96]

Dan Patrick and Liam McHugh served as the lead hosts for NBC's pre-game coverage. [97] Mike Tirico, who replaced the retiring Bob Costas in 2017 as NBC's lead studio host for both the NFL and the Olympic Games, did not participate in coverage of Super Bowl LII due to his commitments to prepare for the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea (which opened on the Friday following the game). [98]

As NBC Sports Regional Networks operates regional sports networks in the markets of both teams which participated, the NBC Sports Boston and NBC Sports Philadelphia channels were used to provide additional coverage of the game from a local perspective. Both networks aired coverage from Minneapolis, including pre-game specials focusing on their respective team, followed by a joint broadcast immediately prior to the game. [99]

Nielsen reported a 47.4/70% overnight rating in metered markets, peaking at 52.2/74 during the fourth quarter. These numbers are about 3% lower than early numbers from Super Bowl LI, and the lowest since Super Bowl XLIV in 2010. [100]

Advertising Edit

Dan Lovinger, NBC Sports Group executive vice president of ad sales, stated to Kepelbagaian in July 2017 that the network was seeking a price "north of $5 million" (the price set for the previous two Super Bowls) for a 30-second commercial during Super Bowl LII. [101] [102] As they began five days after the Super Bowl, NBC offered advertising packages that covered both Super Bowl LII and the 2018 Winter Olympics (which marked the first time since 1992 that a single broadcast network had aired both the Super Bowl and Winter Olympics in the same year) the network estimated that it would bring in at least $1 billion in advertising revenue from the two events. [103] [85] During the second quarter, an equipment failure caused NBC's broadcast to experience dead air for 30 seconds during a commercial break. No actual commercial time was lost. [104] [105]

Advertisements for Tide detergent featuring David Harbour of Stranger Things created a recurring theme, appearing in each quarter, often disguised as well-known commercials for other products, with Harbour eventually declaring "It's a Tide ad." [106] Anheuser-Busch has, as it has done in previous Super Bowls, purchased multiple commercials in the game, advertising Bud Light, Stella Artois and Michelob Ultra. For the first time since Super Bowl VIII, the company reduced the appearances of the Budweiser Clydesdales in a Super Bowl commercial, with the 60-second Budweiser commercial for this event instead focusing on a Budweiser factory plant in Georgia distributing water, referencing the beer maker's efforts to distribute water to families of victims affected by natural disasters, such as wildfires and hurricanes. However, a Clydesdale was featured in a commercial for Tide detergent and the Budweiser Clydesdales only appeared in a five-second Budweiser commercial to remind viewers of the "ClydesdaleCam" livestream event. [107] Other signed advertisers included The Coca-Cola Company and Avocados from Mexico. [102] Cellphone carrier T-Mobile aired a minute long ad with actress Kerry Washington narrating, featuring babies of various ethnic backgrounds. The commercial also features Nirvana's song "All Apologies" played as a lullaby. In the ad, Washington talks about the babies being born with natural instincts of love and not racism calling them "unstoppable" and that they will demand fair and equal pay. T-Mobile CEO John Legere posted to his Twitter account afterwards saying, "This year, we wanted to use our #SuperBowl airtime to share that @TMobile believes we all started in the same place. We are more alike than different. And we are unstoppable." [108]

Fiat Chrysler subsidiary Ram Trucks was met with criticism over its ad "Built to Serve", which featured an excerpt from Martin Luther King Jr.'s "Drum Major Instinct" sermon on the virtues of serving others (February 4, 2018 was also the 50th anniversary of the sermon). The ad was considered an exploitation of King's words to sell a product, with media outlets noting that the sermon in the ad went on to specifically criticize advertisers (including automobile manufacturers) for being "gentlemen of massive verbal persuasion". [109] [110] [111]

Lead-out programs Edit

NBC's lead-out program was an episode of This Is Us, titled "Super Bowl Sunday", [112] alongside a special episode of The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon from Minneapolis' Orpheum Theatre, with halftime performer Justin Timberlake, Dwayne Johnson, Chris Stapleton and the cast of This Is Us as guests. [113] [114]

In a surprise move, Netflix used its advertising time to announce that The Cloverfield Paradox — the third film in the Cloverfield series — would be available for streaming on the service immediately after the game, potentially undercutting viewership of the lucrative post-game slot on NBC. [115]

International broadcasts Edit

Rights holder(s)
Australia The event aired live on the Seven Network and 7mate [116]
Brazil The Super Bowl was shown live by ESPN Brasil, with Paulo Antunes and Everaldo Marques as the announcers for the evening. It was also shown live on Cinemark, Cinépolis, Kinoplex [ bertentangan ] and UCI movie theaters across the country.
Canada Bell Media holds broadcast rights for local stations in Canada and aired the game across its networks on CTV, CTV Two, RDS (for French), TSN Radio and TSN2 TSN's regional networks did not carry the game due to a scheduling conflict with the 2018 Scotties Tournament of Hearts, the national women's curling championship. Due to the game being exempt from the CRTC's simultaneous substitution regulations for the second year in a row, Bell reprised the previous year's usage of a sweepstakes and entertainment features to retain Canadian audiences. [117] [118]

On RDS, the announcer was David Arsenault with Pierre Vercheval as analyst and Didier Orméjuste on the sidelines.

Pre-game Edit

Pink performed "The Star-Spangled Banner", [57] while Leslie Odom Jr. sang "America the Beautiful". [123] [124] Pink spit out a throat lozenge shortly before singing the anthem, later verified after many commentators thought she had spit out a piece of gum. [125] She reported being ill with flu symptoms during her performance. [126] No players were observed kneeling during the national anthem, in contrast to the protests that happened earlier in the 2016 and 2017 seasons. [127]

Fifteen Medal of Honor recipients participated in the coin toss ceremony. [128] [129] World War II hero Hershel W. Williams was the honorary captain and had the honors of flipping the coin. [130]

Halftime show Edit

Justin Timberlake headlined the Super Bowl LII halftime show, along with his band "The Tennessee Kids" and featuring the University of Minnesota Marching Band. [131] [132] [133] Timberlake performed in two previous Super Bowls: Super Bowl XXXV in 2001 as a member of NSYNC, and Super Bowl XXXVIII in 2004 with Janet Jackson. [134] [135]

Timberlake's performance drew criticism for not being "spectacular", looking to be safe and avoid incidents such as the infamous "wardrobe malfunction" encountered during his performance with Jackson, and for incorporating a video of Prince, who opposed performances combining the dead and the living. [136] [137]

First half Edit

The New England Patriots won the opening coin toss and elected to defer to the second half. The Patriots kicked off to the Eagles, who opened the game with a 14-play, 67-yard drive that took 7:05 off the clock and resulted in a 25-yard Jake Elliott field goal, giving the Eagles a 3–0 lead. The drive was controlled by the arm of Eagles quarterback Nick Foles, who completed 6 of 9 passes to five different receivers for 61 yards, with a few short runs by LeGarrette Blount and Jay Ajayi mixed in. Foles also made two critical completions on third down plays, hitting Alshon Jeffery for a 17-yard gain on third-and-4, and later found Torrey Smith for a 15-yard completion on third-and-12. The Patriots responded with a drive of their own, almost with exactly the same results quarterback Tom Brady completed 6 of 8 passes for 60 yards to four different receivers, the longest a 28-yard strike to Chris Hogan. The drive stalled out on the Eagles 8-yard line, where they had to settle for Stephen Gostkowski's 26-yard field goal, which tied the game at 3–3. The game's first touchdown was scored by the Eagles on the next drive, taking only three plays: a short pass from Foles to Nelson Agholor, a 36-yard run up the middle by Blount, and a 34-yard touchdown pass from Foles to Jeffery to the left side of the field. The ensuing extra point attempt from Elliott was missed wide right, which made the score 9–3 in favor of the Eagles. The Patriots responded by advancing the ball to the Philadelphia 11-yard line on their next drive, which was set up by a 50-yard completion from Brady to Danny Amendola, where the quarter ended. [138]

With the second quarter under way, the Patriots came away empty-handed on the drive, as Gostkowski missed a 26-yard field goal attempt after holder Ryan Allen mishandled the snap. [139] New England's defense forced the game's only punt on the next drive. On the following drive, Brady completed a 23-yard pass to Brandin Cooks, but a hard hit by defender Malcolm Jenkins knocked the receiver out of the game with a concussion. On third down from near mid-field, the Patriots attempted a trick play that involved two handoffs and a pass downfield to Tom Brady. Brady was open, but dropped the throw from Amendola. They went for it on fourth down, and a pass intended for tight end Rob Gronkowski fell incomplete, giving the Eagles the ball on their own 35-yard line on a turnover-on-downs. The Eagles capitalized on a drive featuring two key completions, a 19-yard catch by Zach Ertz on third-and-7, and a 22-yard reception by Jeffery on the Patriots 21-yard line. On the next play, a 21-yard rumble by Blount gave the Eagles another touchdown. They attempted a two-point conversion, which failed, making the score 15–3. The Patriots quickly struck back, as Brady completed a 46-yard pass to Rex Burkhead on the first play after the kickoff. But the team could only gain two more yards, resulting in Gostkowski's 45-yard field goal that got the score to 15–6. [140]

The Eagles got the ball back with 7:24 on the clock and looked poised to score another touchdown after a 26-yard run by Ajayi gave them a first down on the Patriots 43-yard line. But on the next play, Foles threw a pass that bounced off Jeffery as he tried to make a one-handed catch, and went into the hands of Patriots safety Duron Harmon for an interception, which he returned eight yards to the 10-yard line. The Patriots took advantage of the turnover with a seven-play, 90-yard drive, featuring a 43-yard completion from Brady to Hogan. On the next play, James White scored with a 26-yard touchdown run. Gostkowski missed the ensuing extra point, but the score was now 15–12. Eagles running back Kenjon Barner returned the ensuing kickoff 27 yards to his own 30-yard line as time ran down to the two-minute warning. Two plays later, on third-and-3, Foles completed a short pass to running back Corey Clement, who took off for a 55-yard gain to the New England 8-yard line. Clement then ran the ball six yards to the two-yard line on the next play. Two plays later, Philadelphia faced fourth-and-goal on the 1-yard line with 38 seconds left on the clock. Deciding to go for the touchdown, they attempted a similar trick play to the one that had failed for the Patriots earlier, in what would become the most memorable play of the game. As Foles stepped up to the running back position, Clement took a direct snap and pitched the ball to tight end Trey Burton, who then threw the ball perfectly to Foles, who was wide open in the right side of the end zone. Foles caught the ball, making him the first quarterback ever to catch a touchdown pass in a Super Bowl, and the ensuing extra point was good, giving the Eagles a 22–12 lead, which was taken into the locker room after a short drive by the Patriots. The play came to be known as the Philly Special. [138]

The first half resulted in numerous Super Bowl records from both teams, including most total yards combined (673). This was also the first time two quarterbacks had thrown for over 200 yards in the first half of a Super Bowl, with Brady throwing for 276 yards and Foles 215. [141]

Second half Edit

The Patriots received the second-half kickoff and Brady led New England 75 yards in eight plays. Gronkowski, who caught only one pass for nine yards in the first half, caught five passes for 68 yards on the drive, the last a 5-yard touchdown reception to make the score 22–19. The Eagles responded by moving the ball 85 yards in 11 plays on a drive that consumed less than five minutes and featured three critical third-down conversions by Foles. The first was a 17-yard pass to Agholor on third-and-6 from the Eagles 19-yard line. Later in the drive, he threw a 14-yard completion to Ertz on third-and-1 from the New England 40-yard line. Finally, he finished the possession with a 22-yard touchdown pass to Clement on third-and-6. The touchdown was upheld upon replay review, as officials confirmed that Clement kept both feet inbounds and controlled the ball. An Elliott extra point brought the score to 29–19 in the Eagles' favor. Brady responded with a 10-play, 75-yard drive, completing all three of his passes for 61 yards, the last one a 26-yard touchdown pass to Hogan that brought the score to 29–26. The Eagles followed with an 8-play, 51-yard drive featuring a 24-yard completion from Foles to Agholor on the first play. By the end of the third quarter, the team had made it to the New England 16-yard line.

The Eagles opened the fourth quarter scoring with a Jake Elliott field goal to bring the score to 32–26. Brady then came back with another 75-yard drive featuring a 30-yard reception by Amendola and ending with a four-yard pass to Gronkowski, his second touchdown of the game, giving the Patriots their first lead of the game with the score at 33–32. On their next drive, the Eagles faced third-and-6 after two plays, but were able to keep the ball with a 7-yard catch by Ertz. Eventually they faced a fourth-and-1 on their own 45-yard line with 5:39 left in the game. Deciding to go for the conversion rather than punt, Foles completed a 2-yard pass to Ertz that kept the drive alive. Then after a 1-yard Blount run, Foles picked up three consecutive first downs with three passes to Agholor for gains of 10, 18, and 10 yards, respectively, moving the ball to the New England 14-yard line. Following a 3-yard run by Ajayi, Foles threw a 9-yard touchdown pass to Ertz with 2:21 remaining in the game. The play was held up on review Ertz lost the ball after touching the ground in the end zone, but it was determined that he established himself as a runner and maintained control of the ball as he broke the plane of the goal line. A failed two-point conversion left the Eagles with a 38–33 lead.

On the Patriots' next drive, Eagles defensive end Brandon Graham stripped the ball from Brady on the drive's second play for the game's only sack. Eagles rookie defensive end Derek Barnett recovered the ball, allowing the Eagles to run the clock down to 1:05 and force New England to use all their remaining timeouts. Elliott then kicked a 46-yard field goal, putting Philadelphia ahead by eight points, 41–33. New England needed a touchdown and two-point conversion to tie the game and send it into overtime. After nine plays (one of them a 13-yard catch by Amendola on fourth-and-10), Brady reached the 49-yard line, and with only nine seconds remaining, he threw a Hail Mary pass to the end zone as time expired. The pass was incomplete, and the Eagles won their first Vince Lombardi Trophy in franchise history, [138] and their first league championship since 1960, ending the third-longest active championship drought in the NFL at 57 years. The Philadelphia Eagles became just the second team to win a Super Bowl rematch after losing the first Super Bowl meeting (having lost to New England in Super Bowl XXXIX), and the first since the Washington Redskins defeated the Miami Dolphins in Super Bowl XVII (the Miami Dolphins defeated the Washington Redskins in Super Bowl VII). The Eagles also became the first Super Bowl champions since the 1978 Pittsburgh Steelers to defeat both Super Bowl participants from the previous year in the same postseason.

Game statistics Edit

The combined 74 points scored was one point shy of the Super Bowl record of 75, set in Super Bowl XXIX in 1995 it and this game marked only the second time in the game's history where the teams combined for 70+ points. [142] The game also set a record for most yardage by both teams (combined) with 1,151 yards, the most for any single game, regular season or postseason. [8] The game set many other Super Bowl records as well, including fewest punts from both teams (one), most yards gained by a team (613 for New England) and most points scored by a losing team (33). [8]

Nick Foles completed 28 of 43 passes for 373 yards and three touchdowns, with one interception, and caught a touchdown pass. Clement, who caught only 10 passes for 123 yards and two touchdowns during the season, was the Eagles' leading receiver with four receptions for 100 yards and a touchdown, while also rushing for eight yards. Agholor had nine receptions for 84 yards. Blount was the game's top rusher with 90 yards and a touchdown. Brady completed 28 of 48 passes for 505 yards and three touchdowns, breaking the record for most passing yards in a Super Bowl that he had set in the previous season. Amendola was his top target, with eight receptions for 152 yards, while Hogan had six for 128 yards and a touchdown and Gronkowski caught nine for 116 yards and two scores. [143]


Great recession of 2008-09:

Dow Jones index chart lost 54 % of its total value from 2007 peak to 2009 bottom. Dow lost 34 % of its value in 2008 only. This is the second largest yearly value lose in Dow Jones index and largest yearly loss after 1931.

September, 2001:

Dow jones industrial average chart lost 684.81 points or 7 .1 percent in September 17, 2001. This is the third largest one day point drop in Dow Jones history. This was the first trading day after September 11 2001 attack which is known as 9/11. Index lost 14.3 % in one week because of that event.

Dow Jones largest one day point loss (777 point):

Dow Jones industrial average lost 777 points in September 29, 2009. Dow jones index came down from 11143 to 10365 points that day. This is the largest point loss in a single day in stock market history.

Dow jones chart lost its 6.98 % value that day. Dow Jones index plunged as a $700 billion financial rescue plan was rejected by US House of Representatives.

Dow Jones 2 nd largest one day point loss (733 points):

Dow jones index suffered its 2 nd largest one day point loss in October 15 2008 and lost 733 points in a single day. Index lost 2254 points or 21 % of its value just 15 day from October 1 to October 10.

Dow Jones index chart Bottom point:

On March 9, 2009 Dow Jones index chart closed at a 6,547.05 (a new twelve-year low) and Index had lost 20% of its value in only six weeks. Investors were scared and tried to get out of the market.

As a result , we see huge volume in the monthly Dow Jones chart because of large selling and buying in the market. Volume on Dow Jones industrial chart was extremely high from September 2008 to march 2009.

In march 2009, Dow Jones monthly Volume was over 10 billion. This is also the largest volume in single month in Dow Jones history.


April 2018 Calendar

View or download the 2018 calendar.
Go to 2018 Calendar.

TarikhSunriseSunsetLength of day
April 1, 20186:4019:2112h 41m
April 2, 20186:3819:2212h 44m
April 3, 20186:3719:2312h 46m
April 4, 20186:3519:2412h 49m
April 5, 20186:3419:2512h 51m
April 6, 20186:3219:2612h 54m
April 7, 20186:3019:2712h 57m
April 8, 20186:2919:2812h 59m
April 9, 20186:2719:2913h 2m
April 10, 20186:2619:3013h 4m
April 11, 20186:2419:3113h 7m
April 12, 20186:2219:3213h 10m
April 13, 20186:2119:3313h 12m
April 14, 20186:1919:3413h 15m
April 15, 20186:1819:3513h 17m
April 16, 20186:1619:3613h 20m
April 17, 20186:1519:3713h 22m
April 18, 20186:1319:3813h 25m
April 19, 20186:1219:3913h 27m
April 20, 20186:1019:4013h 30m
April 21, 20186:0919:4113h 32m
April 22, 20186:0719:4313h 36m
April 23, 20186:0619:4413h 38m
April 24, 20186:0419:4513h 41m
April 25, 20186:0319:4613h 43m
April 26, 20186:0219:4713h 45m
April 27, 20186:0019:4813h 48m
April 28, 20185:5919:4913h 50m
April 29, 20185:5819:5013h 52m
April 30, 20185:5619:5113h 55m

The sunrise and sunset are calculated from New York. All the times in the April 2018 calendar may differ when you eg live east or west in the United States. To see the sunrise and sunset in your region select a city above this list.


The Best January Effect Trading System

My opinion here is that the Alligator trading system outperforms the other two strategies. Since the Alligator is a bit more sensitive on price moves it provided an extra fourth position. This trade happens in the middle of the year of 2014. Also, on the daily chart of BBW, the Alligator’s signals are very accurate. The Alligator managed to cope with the deep correction in the best possible way. On the other hand, the SMA strategy held us with our position until the end of the correction – which hurts! The Alligator gives a bit earlier entry signal, putting us in the market right at the beginning of the trending move.


Intermittent fasting: Surprising update

There&rsquos a ton of incredibly promising intermittent fasting (IF) research done on fat rats. They lose weight, their blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugars improve&hellip but they&rsquore rats. Studies in humans, almost across the board, have shown that IF is safe and incredibly effective, but really no more effective than any other diet. In addition, many people find it difficult to fast.

But a growing body of research suggests that the timing of the fast is key, and can make IF a more realistic, sustainable, and effective approach for weight loss, as well as for diabetes prevention.

The backstory on intermittent fasting

IF as a weight loss approach has been around in various forms for ages, but was highly popularized in 2012 by BBC broadcast journalist Dr. Michael Mosley&rsquos TV documentary Eat Fast, Live Longer and book The Fast Diet, followed by journalist Kate Harrison&rsquos book The 5:2 Diet based on her own experience, and subsequently by Dr. Jason Fung&rsquos 2016 bestseller The Obesity Code. IF generated a steady positive buzz as anecdotes of its effectiveness proliferated.

As a lifestyle-leaning research doctor, I needed to understand the science. The Obesity Code seemed the most evidence-based summary resource, and I loved it. Fung successfully combines plenty of research, his clinical experience, and sensible nutrition advice, and also addresses the socioeconomic forces conspiring to make us fat. He is very clear that we should eat more fruits and veggies, fiber, healthy protein, and fats, and avoid sugar, refined grains, processed foods, and for God&rsquos sake, stop snacking. Check, check, check, I agree. The only part that was still questionable in my mind was the intermittent fasting part.

Intermittent fasting can help weight loss

IF makes intuitive sense. The food we eat is broken down by enzymes in our gut and eventually ends up as molecules in our bloodstream. Carbohydrates, particularly sugars and refined grains (think white flours and rice), are quickly broken down into sugar, which our cells use for energy. If our cells don&rsquot use it all, we store it in our fat cells as, well, fat. But sugar can only enter our cells with insulin, a hormone made in the pancreas. Insulin brings sugar into the fat cells and keeps it there.

Between meals, as long as we don&rsquot snack, our insulin levels will go down and our fat cells can then release their stored sugar, to be used as energy. We lose weight if we let our insulin levels go down. The entire idea of IF is to allow the insulin levels to go down far enough and for long enough that we burn off our fat.

Intermittent fasting can be hard&hellip but maybe it doesn&rsquot have to be

Initial human studies that compared fasting every other day to eating less every day showed that both worked about equally for weight loss, though people struggled with the fasting days. So, I had written off IF as no better or worse than simply eating less, only far more uncomfortable. My advice was to just stick with the sensible, plant-based, Mediterranean-style diet.

New research is suggesting that not all IF approaches are the same, and some are actually very reasonable, effective, and sustainable, especially when combined with a nutritious plant-based diet. So I&rsquom prepared to take my lumps on this one (and even revise my prior post).

We have evolved to be in sync with the day/night cycle, i.e., a circadian rhythm. Our metabolism has adapted to daytime food, nighttime sleep. Nighttime eating is well associated with a higher risk of obesity, as well as diabetes.

Based on this, researchers from the University of Alabama conducted a study with a small group of obese men with prediabetes. They compared a form of intermittent fasting called "early time-restricted feeding," where all meals were fit into an early eight-hour period of the day (7 am to 3 pm),or spread out over 12 hours (between 7 am and 7 pm). Both groups maintained their weight (did not gain or lose) but after five weeks, the eight-hours group had dramatically lower insulin levels and significantly improved insulin sensitivity, as well as significantly lower blood pressure. The best part? The eight-hours group also had significantly decreased appetite. They weren&rsquot starving.

Just changing the timing of meals, by eating earlier in the day and extending the overnight fast, significantly benefited metabolism even in people who didn&rsquot lose a single pound.

Why might changing timing help?

But why does simply changing the timing of our meals to allow for fasting make a difference in our body? An in-depth review of the science of IF recently published in New England Journal of Medicine sheds some light. Fasting is evolutionarily embedded within our physiology, triggering several essential cellular functions. Flipping the switch from a fed to fasting state does more than help us burn calories and lose weight. The researchers combed through dozens of animal and human studies to explain how simple fasting improves metabolism, lowering blood sugar lessens inflammation, which improves a range of health issues from arthritic pain to asthma and even helps clear out toxins and damaged cells, which lowers risk for cancer and enhances brain function. The article is deep, but worth a read!

So, is intermittent fasting as good as it sounds?

I was very curious about this, so I asked the opinion of metabolic expert Dr. Deborah Wexler, Director of the Massachusetts General Hospital Diabetes Center and associate professor at Harvard Medical School. Here is what she told me. "There is evidence to suggest that the circadian rhythm fasting approach, where meals are restricted to an eight to 10-hour period of the daytime, is effective," she confirmed, though generally she recommends that people "use an eating approach that works for them and is sustainable to them."

So, here&rsquos the deal. There is some good scientific evidence suggesting that circadian rhythm fasting, when combined with a healthy diet and lifestyle, can be a particularly effective approach to weight loss, especially for people at risk for diabetes. (However, people with advanced diabetes or who are on medications for diabetes, people with a history of eating disorders like anorexia and bulimia, and pregnant or breastfeeding women should not attempt intermittent fasting unless under the close supervision of a physician who can monitor them.)

4 ways to use this information for better health

  1. Avoid sugars and refined grains. Instead, eat fruits, vegetables, beans, lentils, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats (a sensible, plant-based, Mediterranean-style diet).
  2. Let your body burn fat between meals. Don&rsquot snack. Be active throughout your day. Build muscle tone.
  3. Consider a simple form of intermittent fasting. Limit the hours of the day when you eat, and for best effect, make it earlier in the day (between 7 am to 3 pm, or even 10 am to 6 pm, but definitely not in the evening before bed).
  4. Avoid snacking or eating at nighttime, all the time.

Sumber

Effects of intermittent fasting on health, aging, and disease. de Cabo R, Mattonson MP. New England Journal of Medicine, December 2019.


YouTube usage statistics

500 hours of video are uploaded to YouTube every minute.

We watch over 1 billion hours of YouTube videos a day, more than Netflix and Facebook video combined.

70% of YouTube views come from mobile devices.

The average mobile viewing session lasts more than 40 minutes.

The first video to hit one million views was a Nike advert featuring Ronaldinho.

The video with the highest number of views is currently the music video for ‘Despacito’ by Luis Fonsi and Daddy Yankee. It has over 6.6bn views.

It took Gangnam Style, a previous most watched video, five months to hit 1 billion views. In comparison, Despacito took just 97 days.

The video with the most views that isn’t a music video is ‘Masha and The Bear – Recipe for disaster (Episode 17)’ by Get Movies. It currently has over 4bn views.

The most subscribed to YouTube channels belong to T-Series, followed by PewDiePie, and Cocomelon – Nursery Rhymes (not included YouTube’s automatically generated channels).

The most-watched video of 2019 was Con Calma by Daddy Yankee & Snow. (Source: BuzzSumo YouTube Analyzer)

The most-upvoted video of 2019 was Señorita by Shawn Mendes and Camila Cabello. (Source: BuzzSumo YouTube Analyzer)

The most-downvoted video of 2019 was YouTube’s own 2019 rewind. Aduh. (Source: BuzzSumo YouTube Analyzer)

Over half of YouTube users use the site to work out how to do things they’ve not done before:


Tonton videonya: SUB于朦胧 陈钰琪E01: The Love Lasts Two Mind 两世欢. iQIYI